“The issue of existential threats against the remaining religious minorities in Iraq became dramatically important in June 2014. The so-called ‘Islamic State’ (ISIS) occupied one-third of the territory of present-day Iraq and advanced towards the Kurdistan region through the province of Mosul, the base of most religious minorities. The ISIS undertook systematic ethno-religious cleansing of this borderland between the Kurdistan region and the central government in Baghdad. The area was mainly populated by Christians and Yazidis and had been the last resort for most religious minorities in the country. The United States government and United Nations agencies reported the murders of about 9,000 people, the abduction of 6800 (one-third of them still missing in January 2019), and about 400,000 displaced in the Kurdistan region. Prior to 2005, about 700,000 Yezidis lived in Iraq; after August 2014, less than 500,000 Yezidis remained. In January 2019, most still live in refugee camps. Since 2005, the number of Christians has decreased from an estimated 1.4 million to less than 300,000 in 2017, mostly in refugee camps in the provinces of Kurdistan. Besides the Christians, also Shabak and Kaka’i, also called Yarsan or Ahl-e Haqq, were displaced by the occupation of the Nineveh Plains by the ISIS.”